Collective action in copyright

Nicolas Suzor
<[email protected]>
QUT School of Law
ARC Centre of Excellence for
Creative Industries and Innovation (CCI).
CC BY-SA 4.0

The orthodox view: Copyright is a balance

No man but a blockhead ever wrote except for money.Samuel Johnson

But much of our cultural life does not fit the orthodox view...

the recording industry has demonstrated that artists make music even when money is not forthcoming Litman, Sharing and Stealing (2005)

A theoretical framework

Some fundamental starting points:

 

Pragmatically, copyright must:

Theme: can we fairly coordinate and fund cultural production without exclusivity?

Erik Desmazières, illustration for Borges, Library of Babel.

Understanding fairness

So I set out to answer this question ...

Applying different frameworks

I tried finding a theoretical answer ...

... but without showing how these critiques could work in practice, I couldn't make the argument.

An empirical approach

A study of cooperation

A study of cooperation

How do cooperative models of cultural production work? To what extent can they scale?

Scalability and practicability

Classical economic theory suggests these models will be beset by free rider problems.

MXSF07 Day Two (Homo Economicus) MXSF07 Day Two (Homo Economicus) by tastybit (CC BY-SA)

Not all commons end in tragedy...

Grazing Sheep, EnvironmentBlog, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Not all commons end in tragedy...

Nepal - Behind Begnash (Pokhara), TheDreamSky, CC BY 2.0

Not all commons end in tragedy...

I want to be a Swiss cow in my next life..., Sr. Fernandez, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Not all commons end in tragedy...

Open access

Case study: Knowledge Unlatched

Case study: Knowledge Unlatched

Case study: open access university e-presses

How do universities view e-presses? Why are they willing to support them? To what extent are they open to authors from other institutions?

Open access journals

Research question

What are the conditions that allow voluntary collective action to flourish?

Institutional Analysis and Development framework

IAD for Constructed Cultural Commons, Madison et al, 2010

IAD Case studies

Future work

Case study: SCOAP3

 

Crowdfunding

Why do fans pledge to support projects rather than free-ride?

Open hardware

'Maker' communities are creating decentralised manufacturing models
  • Research questions: how are open source software methods translating to physical goods? How does the free sharing of schematics, coupled with low-cost production, affect existing production models?
  • Theme: how can we fairly coordinate and fund cultural production without exclusivity?

    Erik Desmazières, illustration for Borges, Library of Babel.

    Questions?

    Nicolas Suzor
    <[email protected]>
    QUT School of Law
    ARC Centre of Excellence for
    Creative Industries and Innovation (CCI).

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